The Dailamites were a people traditionally thought to have originated in the Alburz Mountains just south of the Caspian Sea, from where they launched several important military conquests in early Islamic times.
   The Dailamites apparently were precursors of some of today's Kurdish populations, such as possibly the guran, nontribal farming peasants in the Sulaymaniya area of today's Iraq. In earlier times, however, the Dailamites apparently originated in the upper Tigris River area of Anatolia, possibly the home of their modern descendants the Dimili or Zaza Kurds. Most of the Dailamites were originally adherents of the Kurdish Cult of Angels religions with some Shiite influence. This may help to explain why the Dailamites were usually known for their religious tolerance of peoples they subjected.
   Historic Dailamite dynasties included the Bavandis of the southern Caspian Sea area (665-1349), the Ziyarids of Tabaristan and Gurgan (927-1090), the Kangarids (also known as the Musafirids or Sallarids) of Azerbaijan (916-1090), the Jastanids of Gilan, Ruyan, and Talishan (c. 6th-12th centuries), the Shabankaras of Fars and Kirman, and the Kakuyids of central and southern Iran (1008-1119). The famous Buwayhid dynasty, which conquered Baghdad and the Abbasid caliphate in 945, was also of Dailamite origin. Daylaman in the Alburz Mountains was the site of the castle of Alamut, the legendary home of the Old Man of the Mountain. Alamut means "eagle's nest" in the Kurdish language of Dimili.

Historical Dictionary of the Kurds. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dailamites — The Daylamites or Dailamites were an Iranian people[1] inhabiting the mountainous regions of northern Iran on the southern shore of the Caspian Sea. They were employed as soldiers from the time of the Sassanid Empire, and long resisted the Arab… …   Wikipedia

  • Rawadid — (also Rawwadid or Ravvadid), (955 1071), was a Kurdish principality ruling Azerbaijan from the 10th to the early 13th centuries, centered around Tabriz and Maragheh(Maragha). It was founded by a Kurdish chief named Muhammad ibn Husain in the mid… …   Wikipedia

  • Marzuban ibn Muhammad — (died 957) was the Sallarid ruler of Azerbaijan (941/2–957). He was the son of Muhammad bin Musafir, the ruler of Tarum. Contents 1 Takeover of Azerbaijan 2 Invasion by the Rus and Hamdanids 3 Capture by th …   Wikipedia

  • Buyid dynasty — Buyid Empire آل بویه Āl e Buye ← …   Wikipedia

  • Mu'izz al-Daula — Ahmad (died April 8, 967) was the first of the Buwayhid emirs of Iraq, ruling from 945 until his death. He was the son of Buya. During the Buwayhid conquest of Fars, Ahmad distinguished himself in battle. In 935 or 936, Ahmad s oldest brother Ali …   Wikipedia

  • Sallarid — History of Greater Iran until the rise of modern nation states Pre modern …   Wikipedia

  • Muhammad bin Musafir — Muhammad ibn Musafir (died before 953) was the Sallarid ruler of Tarum (before 916–941) and Iranian Azerbaijan (949). He was the son of Musafir, whose name appears to have been an arabicized form of his Persian name Asfar/Asvar. Muhammad s… …   Wikipedia

  • Dulaim — Total population 5 to 7 million Regions with significant populations  Iraq …   Wikipedia

  • Rawadiden — Die Rawadiden auch Rawwadiden oder Ravvadiden, (955–1071) waren eine kurdische Dynastie, die in Iranisch Aserbaidschan das Gebiet um Täbris und Maragha vom 10. bis zum frühen 13. Jahrhundert beherrschte. Sie wurde durch den kurdischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Buwayhids — (Buyids)    The Buwayhids, or Buyids, are generally considered a Persian dynasty famous for having captured Baghdad and the Abbasid caliphate in 945 and remaining in power until 1055. Some Kurdish scholars argue, however, that the Buwayhids… …   Historical Dictionary of the Kurds

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.